The Independent Panel for Pandemic Preparedness and Response was Co-Chaired by Her Excellency Ellen Johnson Sirleaf and the Right Honourable Helen Clark.

The Independent Panel began its work in September 2020, and submitted its main report, COVID-19: Make it the Last Pandemic, to the World Health Assembly in May 2021.

The report contained the Panel’s findings and recommendations for action to curb the COVID-19 pandemic and to ensure that any future infectious disease outbreak would not become another catastrophic pandemic.


Following the release of the main report, the Co-Chairs and Panel members continued to support discussions focussed on implementing their package of recommendations.

In November 2021, the former Co-Chairs released a six-month accountability report, entitled Losing Time: End this Pandemic and Secure the Future.


Finally, in May 2022, the former Co-Chairs released a one-year assessment report, Transforming or Tinkering? Inaction lays the groundwork for another pandemic.

Explore the report(s) now